A dictionary definition and its simplest explanation, income tax is the tax levied on personal income that you earn.
What is personal income?
Personal income that is taxed in this way is made up of:
- Income received from employment including benefits in kind
- Your profits on self-employment
- Pension received
- Rental income
- Some state benefits – a list of what is and isn’t taxable can be found here: https://www.gov.uk/income-tax/taxfree-and-taxable-state-benefits
- Income from trust